Saturday, April 18, 2020

Methods of protection from muscle tear

Muscle tear and how to deal with this problem

Muscle tear

Muscle rupture means partial or total damage to muscle fibers, or to the tendon that connects them to bones as a result of exposure to pressure that exceeds their endurance, as happens when suddenly heavy things are raised. Muscle rupture may result in damage to some small blood vessels, causing bleeding and bruising, and feeling pain due to irritation in the nerve endings in the rupture area.  The chance of muscle rupture increases in athletes who practice physical contact such as boxing, soccer, hockey, Or the types of sports that require the repetition of some movements constantly, which leads to the rupture of the muscles of the forearm and the hand, such as rowing, tennis, and golf. It can also occur in people who do occupations that require heavy lifting.

Muscle tear symptoms

  Symptoms of muscle rupture differ according to the degree of rupture, and symptoms need several weeks to disappear in the case of moderate and moderate injuries, but in the case of severe injuries, symptoms may need months to disappear, and the symptoms of muscle rupture include:

- Sudden pain at the site of the injury.
- Muscle swelling and spasms.
- Bruising and discoloration of the affected area.
- Limited ability to move the muscle.
- Sclerosis and ulceration of the site of infection.
- A muscle gap appears.

The symptoms that call a doctor are:

- Severe pain that enables the injured person to walk no more than a few steps.
- Severe pain that prevents the person from sleeping.
- Severe pain, swelling at the site of the injury. 
- Severe back pain that prevents the casualty from performing normal activities, or moderate back pain that worsens after several days. 
- A crackle is heard when the injury occurs. 
- Muscle weakness and difficulty moving compared to the other side of the body. 
- Back pain does not improve within two weeks of treatment.
- Back pain associated with any of the following symptoms:
      Feeling of numbness in the thigh or rectum.
      Pain and burning when urinating.
      Fever and chills.
      Difficulty controlling urination or defecation.
      Numbness or tingling in the leg.

Muscle tear treatment

Provide assistance to the muscle rupture immediately after the injury - using the (PRICE) principle - to get the best treatment results.

PRICE principle is a compilation of the first letters of the words (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). This principle means the continuation of first aid steps that must include:

- Protection: that is, protecting the affected muscle from complications that increase the severity of the injury.
- Docked: that is, avoiding any physical activity that may cause pain and delay healing.
- Ice: Use ice packs to relieve pain, prevent infections and close damaged blood vessels. It is advised to place ice packs on the site of injury for twenty minutes every hour, with a towel or any barrier between the body and the snow.
- Cmpression: Apply a tight, rubber band to the pain area to reduce swelling.
- The clay: raising the affected part to reduce fluid accumulation and thus reduce swelling.
- Apply hot compresses a day or two after the injury - that is, after the swelling subsides - which helps to relax the muscle. As for putting hot compresses before the tumor subsides, pain and swelling increase, and avoiding applying hot compresses directly to the skin should be avoided.
Take anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics such as (Pverin) and (Advil) to relieve pain and be able to move.
After the acute pain and swelling subside, work begins to rehabilitate the affected part, where health care providers perform physical therapy for the affected muscle, and instruct the injured to do a set of exercises depending on the location of the injury and the extent of the damage caused, in order to prevent muscle stiffness, and improve the range of movement and flexibility.
The ultimate goal of rehabilitation is to enable the victim to return to daily activities easily and easily, and to return to exercise if the patient so desires.
The rehabilitation period depends on the severity of the injury, and on how well the individual responds to the treatment. Some injuries may require between 8 and 12 months before a full recovery.

Prevention of muscle tear

 Muscle tear can be prevented by following these tips:

- Stop exercising, or training when feeling pain or fatigue, and not to strain the muscles.
- Eat healthy foods that contain all the nutrients to maintain muscle tone.
- Choosing appropriate personal protective equipment when playing games and sports.
- Maintaining a healthy weight, because extra weight puts additional pressure on the body.
- Taking the necessary measures to prevent stumbling on things, by keeping corridors and ladders free of chaos, and avoiding glides during the winter.
- Running on flat surfaces only.
- Wear appropriate shoes, and replace them as soon as they are damaged.
- Doing stretching exercises on a daily basis.
- Ensure that you are physically fit before starting to play sports.
- Not neglecting adequate warm-up before participating in exercises or exercising.
- Bend the knees when lifting heavy loads, and avoid bending the back.
- Avoid body wrapping movements.
- Refrain from smoking to improve blood flow to the muscles.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Causes, treatment and how to get rid of buttocks or palms and sleeper muscles at home

Buttocks, buttocks, sleeper muscle and recessed hip are circular pits that can be seen clearly on the external sides of the body n...